(statement of the problem) 就是声明学习工作要处理的问题。问题陈述简短说明学习问题：这个学习要处理的问题是什么？ 问题陈述的目标是什么？
撰写问题陈述会帮助你清楚地找出你要提案的学习项目的用途。问题陈述也经常会被当作最终学习计划中的前言 (introductory) 章节，迅速将读者的注意力带到你提案的学习项目要处理的议题上，提供读者简洁的提案计划陈述。
一个有说服力的问题陈述通常有三个局部： 第一局部（理想）：叙述想要达到的目标或理想情况；解释事情应该是如何。 第二局部（现实）：叙述目前可能会阻碍达到或实现第一局部所提的目标、陈述或价值的实际情况；解释现在的情况何以无法达成目标或理想状态。 第三局部（结果）：找出你所提议可以改善目前情况、接近目标或理想的方法。
以下提供示例： 范例1 第一局部：According to the XY university mission statement， the university seeks to provide students with a safe， healthy learning environment. Dormitories are one important aspect of that learning environment， since 55% of XY students live in campus dorms and most of these students spend a significant amount of time working in their dorm rooms.
However， 第二局部：Students living in dorms A B C， and D currently do not have air conditioning units， and during the hot seasons， it is common for room temperatures to exceed 80 degrees F. Many students report that they are unable to do homework in their dorm rooms. Others report having problems sleeping because of the humidity and temperature. The rooms are not only unhealthy， but they inhibit student productivity and academic achievement. 第三局部：In response to this problem， our study proposes to investigate several options for making the dorms more hospitable. We plan to carry out an all-inclusive participatory investigation into options for purchasing air conditioners (university-funded; student-subsidized) and different types of air conditioning systems. We will also consider less expensive ways to mitigate some or all of the problems noted above (such as creating climate-controlled dorm lounges and equipping them with better study areas and computing space). 推荐阅读：科研写作要避免的6大错误
这里有撰写问题陈述的简单四步骤： 第一步（陈述1）：叙述某特定情况、现象等的目标情况或理想状态。勾勒出理想的情况（该期待或预期什么）。 第二步（陈述2）：叙述目前有可能阻碍达到或实现第一步中讨论中要达到的目标、状态或价值的情况。勾勒出现实情况，构建应该要有的情况与目前的情况的落差。 第三步：利用转折语 but、however、unfortunately 或 in spite of 来连接第一步和第二步的内容。 第四步（陈述 3）：利用特定信息，表现出第二步中所述的情况除非做些什么，才有改善的希望，然后通过预测可能的解决方案能带来的结果来强调学习的好处。
以下示范如何依照上述步骤写出问题陈述： 范例 2 第一步（陈述1）
The government of Kenya has a goal to industrialize the nation by the year 2030 (quote). In this regard it has encouraged growth-oriented micro and small enterprises (MSEs) that should graduate into medium and large enterprises capable of contributing to the industrialization goal. There are several sessional papers (quote/cite) that contain specific measures to encourage and support MSEs. 第二、三步（陈述2）
Despite the said government efforts， there is slow growth of micro into small enterprises and even slower growth of small into medium scale enterprises (quote， show statistics). The government has officially acknowledged that there exists a “missing middle” in Kenya meaning that there is a gap between small and large enterprises in the country (cite， quote). 第四步（陈述3）
Should the “missing middle” gap persist， the industrialization goal may be difficult to achieve. A need therefore arises to investigate why there is a persistent “missing middle” despite government efforts. 范例 3 陈述 1
In order to accomplish their missions， public universities need motivated workforces. 陈述 2
There are， however， frequent and severe disciplinary actions， absenteeism， as well as various forms of unrest in public universities which affect the accomplishment of the set missions. Our preliminary investigation reveals that both non-management and management staff are under motivated. 陈述 3
Without effective motivational packages and procedures， the said vices are likely to continue and retard the achievement of the universities’ missions.
Thus， there is a need to examine the public universities’ motivation systems and procedures， which is the aim of the proposed research. 范例 4 陈述 1
The Ministry of Youth is dedicated to allocating enterprise development funds to both the youth and women. These funds are made available in order to start entrepreneurial ventures that create and expand employment. (Provide relevant statistics and quote) 陈述 2
One of the main focuses of the ministry is consistency. Unfortunately， consistency in allocating funds to the next generation of recipients requires prior knowledge of previous allocations and established practices. The current continuous disbursement method does not allow for adequate analysis of previous disbursements before a current disbursement is done. 陈述 3
Continuing with this current disbursement method prevents consistency and causes decisions to become grossly political， which in turn inhibits the achievement of the goals of the funds. Developing a more informed disbursement system could help better implement the consistency focus of the ministry and at the same time help the ministry better monitor and evaluate its funds.
This proposed research aspires to explore options for a new funds disbursement system that would focus on consistency. To do this， the researcher will carry out a full stakeholder analysis and use it to propose appropriate policy interventions. 点击了解更多撰写问题陈述的其他样本 参考资料
1. RoK， (2008). Economic Survey. Nairobi， Kenya. Government Printer.
2. Nyaga C.N. (2009). Non-financial constraints hindering growth of SMEs in Kenya: The case of plastic manufacturing companies in industrial area in Nairobi county. (A masters research thesis， University of Nairobi).
3. Nyagah C.N. (2013). Non-financial constraints hindering growth of SME’S in Kenya: the case of plastic manufacturing companies in industrial area in Nairobi County (Doctoral dissertation).