Plant Sci:湖南农大丨氮素利用效率与镉耐受性的平衡(附NMT实验体系)

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Plant Sci:湖南农大丨氮素利用效率与镉耐受性的平衡(附NMT实验体系)

 楼主| xuyue_2017 发表于 2019-7-18 10:49  
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本帖最后由 xuyue_2017 于 2019-7-18 10:51 编辑

期刊:plant science
主题:氮素利用效率与镉耐受性的平衡
标题:Balance between nitrogen use efficiency and cadmium tolerance in Brassica napus and Arabidopsis thaliana
影响因子:3.785
检测指标: H+、Cd2+、NO3-流速
检测部位:根部液泡
H+、Cd2+、NO3-流实验处理方法:
4周龄拟南芥,20 μM CdCl2处理3天
21日龄油菜,100 μM CdCl2处理7天
H+、Cd2+、NO3-流实验测试液成份:
文献无
推荐测试液成份:
拟南芥根部液泡:0.002mM CdCl2,0.1 mM KNO3 , 600 mM mannitol, 0.05mM MES, pH 7.2
油菜根部液泡:0.01mM CdCl2,0.1 mM KNO3 , 600 mM mannitol, 0.05mM MES, pH 7.2
作者:湖南农业大学张振华、廖琼

英文摘要
The transmembrane transport of NO3− andCd2+ into plant cell vacuoles relies on the energy from their tonoplast protonpumps, V-ATPase and V-PPase. If the activity of these pumps is reduced, itresults in less NO3− and Cd2+ being transported into the vacuoles, whichcontributes to better nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) and lower Cd2+ tolerance inplants.

The physiological mechanisms that regulatethe balance between NUE and Cd2+ tolerance remain unknown. In our study, twoBrassica napus genotypes with differential NUEs, xiangyou 15 and 814, andAtclca-2 mutant and AtCAX4 over-expression line (AtCAX4-OE) of Arabidopsisthaliana, were used to investigate Cd2+ stress responses.

We found that the Brassica napus genotype,with higher NUE, was more sensitive to Cd2+ stress. The AtCAX4-OE mutant, withhigher Cd2+ vacuolar sequestration capacity (VSC), limited NO3− sequestrationinto root vacuoles and promoted NUE. Atclca-2 mutants, with decreased NO3− VSC,enhanced Cd2+ sequestration into root vacuoles and conferred greater Cd2+tolerance than the WT. This may be due to the competition between Cd2+ andNO3−in the vacuoles for the energy provided by V-ATPase and V-PPase. Regulating thebalance between Cd2+ and NO3− vacuolar accumulation by inhibiting the activityof CLCa transporter and increasing the activity of CAX4 transporter willsimultaneously enhance both the NUE and Cd2+ tolerance of Brassica napus,essential for improving its Cd2+ phytoremediation potential.

中文摘要(谷歌机翻)
NO3-和Cd2+跨膜转运到植物细胞液泡中依赖于其液泡膜质子泵,V-ATP酶和V-PPase的能量。如果这些泵的活性降低,则导致较少的NO3-和Cd2+被输送到液泡中,这有助于提高植物的氮利用效率(NUE)和降低Cd2+耐受性。

调节NUE和Cd2+耐受性之间平衡的生理机制尚不清楚。在我们的研究中,使用具有差异NUE,香优15和814的两种甘蓝型油菜基因型和拟南芥的Atclca-2突变体和AtCAX4过表达系(AtCAX4-OE)来研究Cd2+应激反应。

我们发现甘蓝型油菜基因型具有较高的NUE,对Cd2+胁迫更敏感。具有较高Cd2+液泡隔离能力(VSC)的AtCAX4-OE突变体限制NO3-隔离到根空泡中并促进NUE。具有降低的NO3-VSC的Atclca-2突变体增强了Cd2+隔离到根空泡中并且赋予比WT更大的Cd2+耐受性。这可能是由于V-ATP酶和V-PPase提供的能量在液泡中Cd2+和NO3-之间的竞争。通过抑制CLCa转运蛋白的活性和增加CAX4转运蛋白的活性来调节Cd2+和NO3-液泡积累之间的平衡将同时增强甘蓝型油菜的NUE和Cd2+耐受性,这对于改善其Cd2+植物修复潜力是必需的。

Fig. 2. The Arabidopsis thaliana vha-a2, vha-a3, and avp1 mutants were more sensitive to Cd2+ stress than the wild-type Col-0. (A) The phenotype and (B) the chlorophyll loss, in relation to the controls, of Col-0 and the vha-a2, vha-a3, and avp1 mutants grown for 4 weeks and then exposed to 20 μM CdCl2 for 3 days. Mean rates of (C) H+ fluxes and (D) Cd2+ fluxes during the first 160 s of measurements within the root vacuoles.


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Plant Sci:湖南农大丨氮素利用效率与镉耐受性的平衡(附NMT实验体系)
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